In one of Jesus most comprehensive statements, He revealed: “the hour is coming in which all who are in the graves will hear His voice and come forth — those who have done good, to the resurrection of life, and those who have done evil, to the resurrection of condemnation.” (Jn. 5:28-29). While He called it “the hour” here, in other places He called this the “day of judgment.” (Mt. 10:15; 11:22; 12:36).
What is most important and revealing is the difference in the resurrection for those who did good and those who did evil. There are not two separate resurrections since all will hear His voice at the same “hour” and come forth. They are called the “resurrection of life” and “resurrection of judgment” because there will be both separation and different destinations. “When the Son of Man comes in His glory,” “He will sit on the throne of His glory.” “He will separate them one from another, as a shepherd divides his sheep from the goats.” (Matt. 25:31-46) This is not symbolic language. It is Jesus own explanation of what will occur when the hour comes when all hear His voice and come forth. It is this separation and what happens after that led Jesus to call them by different names.